The blue screen of death (BSOD) is no stranger to anyone who uses Windows, and it can be caused by a variety of reason including incompatible hardware driver, to a virus infection or corrupted system files. Sometimes the corruption is so bad that neither safe mode nor Microsofts System Restore can fix it.
Typically when the situation gets this bad, your only option is to completely reinstall Windows. The problem is that some systems (particularly with OEM systems) dont come with a Vista DVD but rather a System Recovery disk that reformats your drive and restores your system to factory specs. While this solves the problem, it also eradicates your data.
In the old days you could use a boot disk to access the hard drive (HD) and backup your data before performing the recovery, but with Vistas NTFS file system, this isnt an option. A variety of other techniques let you preserve your data, but theyre time consuming and overly complicated. However, I found a free utility called VistaPE that can potentially make the whole process far easier.
VistaPE is a self-booting application that runs independently of your computers operating system. This lets you boot the crashed system and gain full access to the data stored on the NTFS drives. You can copy the data to a flash drive, transfer it to a network folder or even upload it to an online backup service. You can also configure VistaPE with additional utilities like virus scanners, web browsers and even office productivity tools.
In fact VistaPEs capable of running almost any Windows program. It uses technology based on Microsofts WinPE application, but unlike WinPE, VistaPE implements a full graphical user interface thats virtually identical to Windows Vista, which makes it easy to use. You can run VistaPE from either a CD or a USB Flash drive making it an indispensable troubleshooting tool.
The only drawback is that you dont download it or purchase it like a typical utility. Instead its actually compiled using a set of scripts that run under the WinBuilder script engine. Compiling these scripts can be incredibly difficult and frustrating. In all likelihood, it will not work for you the first time out, and for some people it might not work at all. If youre easily discouraged, this isnt for you. However, if you like a geeky challenge and you follow the recommended steps, Im confident that youll (eventually) generate a successful build of VistaPE of your own. Just be patient and dont get discouraged.
Were going to show you how to compile VistaPE and copy it to a bootable USB flash drive. To do this you will need the following items:
- At least a 1GB USB Flash Drive (although the larger the better) formatted with either NTFS (recommended) or the FAT32 file system
- An active Internet Connection
- A Windows Vista 32-bit installation DVD (recommended). If you dont have an actual Vista Installation DVD you can use the Windows Automated Installation Kit (WAIK) instead. Youll lose functionality, but its free and easily accessible. You can download it here.
- Winbuilder076. You can download it here.
- A computer running any version of Windows Vista with Service Pack 1 or later. You should have administration privileges on this computer and the HD should be formatted with the NTFS file system.
This next part is not absolutely necessary, its just a suggestion!
I recommend that you setup a system solely for the purpose of creating the VistaPE application. This could be either a real PC or a virtual one. The reason for this is simple. Since so many variables can cause this process to fail, using a clean installation of Windows Vista, free of antivirus software, Windows updates and other applications, will help to minimize the chances of something causing your build to fail.
The only additional piece of software youll need to install is Vista Service Pack 1 since its required for the build. Just to play it safe, I did not use Windows Update to acquire Service Pack 1. I downloaded the standalone version of SP1 instead. You can find it here.
Now that we have all of the components in place, lets begin.
1. Go to the location where you downloaded WinBuilder. The filename will be WINBUILDER076.ZIP. Unzip the file. You should now see a file called WINBUILDER.EXE. Create a folder on your C: drive called WINBUILDER and copy WINBUILDER.EXE into it.
2. During the build of VistaPE, it makes use of the source files found on the Windows Vista Installation DVD. You could try accessing those files directly from the DVD, but I found that the process is more reliable when youre accessing them from the HD. So create another folder on your C: drive called VISTADVD and copy the contents of the Windows Vista installation DVD there. NOTE - If you opted instead to use WAIK, youll need to burn the image file you downloaded earlier to a CD/DVD, and then install it. Later on you'll use the installed directory (usually C:Program FilesWindows AIK) as the Vista file location.
3. Next, disable Vistas User Account Control or UAC. Go into the Control Panel and select User Accounts. The very last option in this menu will be Turn User Account Control on or off. If you dont disable the UAC, I guarantee that the build will fail. Next insert your formatted USB flash drive into your PC. Take note of its drive letter youll need that later.
4. Go to the C:WINBUILDER folder you made earlier and double-click WINBUILDER.EXE to launch the application. The first screen you come to will be the Download Center.
5. Toward the bottom right of the screen youll see Please select the projects you want to download. The first choice, updates.boot-land.net, is already selected. Leave that. Right under that is VISTAPE.NET/PROJECTS. Select this one also. Once selected, youll see VistaPE v.12 (RC1) displayed on the top left side of the screen with a check mark next to it and a few other options selected underneath it. Above that youll see a drop down box which should say Recommended. It could also be set for Minimum, Complete or Beta. For our purposes well go with the Recommended Configuration. Next, press the Download button at the bottom of the screen. This will start a download of about 41MB. After the download completes WinBuilder might close. If it does, just restart the program. The downloaded files will still be there, and you can move to the next step.